Post Extraction Instructions
Extraction of teeth is one of the most feared procedure anyone has to undergo. But whether the tooth is extracted surgically or without surgery if the instructions are followed properly, the recovery is always good.
If your dentist suggests the extraction is difficult or might involve surgery, the best thing to do is get the extraction done from an Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon always, as they are experts in any kind of surgical procedures related to surgery in your oral cavity.
When is a Tooth Extraction Advised?
Extraction of tooth is advised when:
- 1. The tooth is severely decayed and can not be saved with a root canal treatment.
- 2. The tooth is fractured.
- 3. Impacted tooth
- 4. Loose teeth due to periodontitis (gum disease)
- 5. Dental injury
- 6. Retained milk teeth
- 7. Extraction to make space for alignment of teeth in case of crowding.
Here are the post extraction or post surgical instructions you need to follow after any kind of surgery or extraction pertaining to your oral cavity.
Instructions for the First 24 Hours
- 1. After the procedure your doctor will keep a piece of cotton at the surgical site. Keep it for around
20-30 minutes and then remove it using your hand and never spit it out. Wash your hands with
soap before removing the cotton.
- 2. Take all the medicines as advised by your doctor.
- 3. Do not spit for 24 hours after the procedure.
- 4. Do not rinse for 24 hours after the procedure.
- 5. Do not brush for 24 hours after the procedure.
- 6. Do not eat anything hot for the first 24 hours after the procedure. Anything you eat should be at the room temperature or cold. Take a cold and soft diet. Ice creams without nuts are preferred.
- 7. Drink a glass of water after every meal to keep the surgical area clean as you can not rinse for the first 24 hours.
- 8. Do not turn your side towards the extraction site while sleeping.
- 9. Apply ice on the side of the surgery from outside 3-4 times in the first 24 hours.
- 10. Avoid aerated drinks and soda.
- 11. Do not drink anything using a straw, use a glass instead.
Instructions after 24 Hours
- 1. After 24 hours first brush your teeth. Remember to brush gently on the surgical site.
- 2. Start rinsing with luke warm water with small amount of salt after 24 hours of surgery, 4-5 times in a day.
- 3. If you see any bleeding from the extraction site, inform your doctor immediately.
- 4. Avoid smoking at least for 7-10 days after the surgical procedure or even after a simple extraction.
- 5. Do not keep checking the surgical site again and again. Avoiding stretching’ lips or cheek to see the surgical site or sutures (stitches).
- 6. If the Sutures open in the first 24 hours, inform your doctor immediately.
- 7. Avoid strenuous exercises for a few days after the extraction of surgery.
What is Dry Socket?
Dry socket is a painful condition which is mainly seen 3-4 days after the extraction of the tooth. It mainly occurs after the extraction of a lower molars, especially lower third molar i.e. the wisdom tooth. The pain is severe in such cases. It is rare condition but possible. The causes for dry socket are:
- 1. If you spit after the extraction, the clots gets dislodged and healing is delayed causing dry socket.
- 2. Smoking after extraction is another cause of dry socket.
- 3. Traumatic extraction
- 4. Poor oral hygiene
- 5. You have a previous history of dry socket
- 6. Oral contraceptive pills
If you have dry socket after the extraction you might:
- 1. Have severe pain which might radiate to the ear or the head
- 2. Halitosis (Bad Breath)
- 3. Unpleasant taste in the mouth
If you have these symptoms immediately visit your dentist. He or she will:
- 1. Clean the socket and irrigate it with saline
- 2. If required will place medication inside the socket to promote healing and reduce pain.
- 3. Prescribe an antibiotic if necessary
- 4. Advise you to take pain killers
- 5. Advise warm saline rinses
Dry socket takes around a week to ten days to heal. Your routine activities might be hampered if you have dry socket. Also if there is a history of dry socket remember to inform your dentist before the start of the procedure.
In case of any problems or doubts the best thing to do is call your doctor and ask for advise.
To book an appointment with us visit www.32sparklets.com.
This blog provides general information about post operative instructions. The opinion and content on this blog is only for conversational purposes and should not be interpreted as medical or dental advice pertaining to any particular individual. If the reader or any other person has a medical concern, he or she should consult with an appropriate licensed medical physician or a health care provider